The following article was written for the 24/7 X-Press Fitness Center in Des Moines, IA
Weight Loss and Management – It's all about Metabolism
How many times have you heard someone in their 30's or 40's say that their metabolism has slowed down and they can no longer maintain their weight the way they used to when they were younger? Although this person probably didn't get their metabolic rate tested in a lab, they are probably correct, although it's probably not due to aging per se. There are a lot of factors influencing metabolism. Mostly, a decrease in metabolism is due to reduced activity and muscle mass as we age. Both of these can be altered by your behavior.
Understanding metabolism can help you develop better lifestyle choices to help you lose, gain and maintain your body weight. Let's begin with some definitions: Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions in your body required to maintain life. Your metabolic rate is the amount of energy expended during your daily activities. Metabolic rate is typically broken into two parts. One is the Basal (BMR) or Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) which is the amount of energy your body expends while at rest. On top of your BMR, your body also uses energy for physical activities such as walking, sitting, exercising and even digesting food. Lean body mass is the amount of non-fat body tissue you have, such as bones, organs and muscle. Lean tissue is metabolically more active than fat tissue.
This BMR allows us to estimate the amount of energy you can expect to use during a day just to maintain your body. You require energy just to maintain and repair your tissues, pump blood and other necessary processes. It's the amount of energy you would require if you laid in bed all day, and it may be more than you think it is. It is estimated that you burn 16 calories per day for every pound of lean tissue you have. Add on top of that your energy expenditure due to activity and you can come up with an estimate of your daily caloric needs. There are many websites that give you estimates of energy expenditure from various activities and exercise. One I recommend is www.choosemyplate.gov. The more active you are, the more calories you will burn off per hour. For example, if you walk at 4 miles per hour, you will burn about 400 calories per hour due to the walking. If you run 8 miles an hour, you will burn close to 800 calories per hour. If you add up all the calories burned due to exercise and activity and add that your to BMR calories, you can estimate your daily caloric need to maintain your current body weight.
If you want to lose weight, then you need to eat less calories than you burn off each day. There are three ways to do this: 1) eat less than you are currently eating while maintaining the same activity level, 2), eat the same but increase your activity level, or 3) eat less and increase your activity level. #3 is the preferred method. By increasing your activity level, you increase your metabolism and burn more calories.
Ways to increase your metabolism:
You don't need to measure your metabolism or calculate the number of calories you eat or burn off. If you are interested in losing weight (fat really), or keeping it off, incorporate some of the four points above into your daily regime. These will all help to boost your metabolism and maintain it as you age. This will help keep your body fat from creeping upwards as you age. Your metabolism doesn't automatically have to decrease with age.
Quick Fit Tip of the Month: Research has shown that for every hour you spend exercising, you extend the length of your life by about the same amount. However, it isn't so much the quantity of life you are after as the quality of the life you have remaining. In other words, how long you live isn't as important as how well you live. Who wants to live longer if you are in poor health? Maintaining a regular exercise program will help you live a better quality life especially as you get older.
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